In the Serbian movie “Turneja” (The Tour) there are many tragic, brutal, and upsetting war scenes that would normally cause tension and anxiety. However, the director of the movie has mentioned that on the premiere of this film the majority of the audience was laughing. Why were they laughing at tragic war sights? Many of the viewers considered these scenes as comic and humorous because of one element - the music. In many parts of the film, music was very playful and perky, so it caused viewers to perceive the movie as less tragic. Having in mind this vivid example of musical influence on one’s perception, it is evident that the power of music is often underestimated.

There are also empirical pieces of evidence that music affects not only mood (Alpert, Alpert, 1988) and emotions (Hunter, Schellenberg, 2010), but also the actual behavior (Milliman, 1986). Some of these findings have encouraged the researchers to examine the impact of music on the different forms of human behavior and its influence on cognitive functions. The main goal of this literature review is to point to some of the findings and understandings of this connection between the music and human behavior.